Tutorial 14: You've been Framed, Part I - HTML with Style | 4
- Can only appear inside a FRAMESET element.
- FRAME is an empty element.
- Start-tag is required, end-tag is forbidden.
- SRC (URI)
- Indicates the URL of the document to be displayed in this frame.
- NAME (Text)
- Sets the name for this frame.
- LONGDESC (URI)
- Points to a document that contains a description of the frame, to be used as an alternative by user agents that do not support frames.
- NORESIZE (Boolean)
- When present, this attribute indicates that the frame cannot be resized by the user.
- SCROLLING (auto, yes or no)
- Indicates whether or not the user can scroll documents displayed in this frame. When the value of this attribute is auto, the frame's contents can be scrolled only if they do not fit entirely inside the frame.
- FRAMEBORDER (1 or 0)
- When the value is 1, a border is drawn around the frame separating it from other frames. When the value is 0, no border is drawn.
- MARGINWIDTH (Pixel length)
- Sets the horizontal margin, in pixels, of the body of the document displayed in the frame.
- MARGINHEIGHT (Pixel length)
- Sets the vertical margin, in pixels, of the body of the document displayed in the frame.
- Identifier and classification attributes
- Title attribute
- Inline style information attribute
- Intrinsic event handler attributes
Now you know of all the elements needed to create a frameset document. To create a framed page, you insert a FRAMESET element whose ROWS or COLS attribute specifies a number of rows and columns in the frameset. The elements contained in this element should be the same number as these divisions, and may either be frames or framesets that further subdivide a row or column. Here is an example of the HTML with Style front page (note that this is a crude hack I put together in a couple of minutes) using frames.
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Frameset//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/frameset.dtd"> <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE>HTML with Style</TITLE> </HEAD> <FRAMESET ROWS="170,*,17%"> <FRAME NAME="ad" SRC="example2.html" NORESIZE SCROLLING="no"> <FRAMESET COLS="250,*"> <FRAME NAME="sidebar" SRC="example3.html"> <FRAME NAME="main" SRC="example4.html"> </FRAMESET> <FRAME NAME="footer" SRC="example5.html" NORESIZE SCROLLING="no"> </FRAMESET> </HTML>
This page is a fully functional framed page. Although we haven't gotten into the really gritty part of frames, which is linking, there are already several problems with this design. You might have noticed that this page takes significantly longer to load on your browser than the actual front page. The reason for this is that the browser needs to download five separate documents (the frameset document plus four documents to go into the frames) in order to display the page.
Produced by Stephanos Piperoglou
Created: June 30, 1999
Revised: June 30, 1999