The Cross-Browser Event Model: Capturing an Event at a High Level - Doc JavaScript | WebReference

The Cross-Browser Event Model: Capturing an Event at a High Level - Doc JavaScript


Capturing an Event at a High Level

You may recall from Column 9 that Navigator 4.0x requires the captureEvents() method to capture events outside of its intended target (in the window, layer, or document object). For example, the following code segment captures all mouseup events in the document:

document.captureEvents(Event.MOUSEUP);
document.onmouseup = functionName;

Since Internet Explorer 4.0x's event model is based on event bubbling, an event is first directed to its intended target (the element that initiated the event). Therefore, the captureEvents() method is not featured in Internet Explorer 4.0x. It simply isn't required. As a scripter, you must make sure it is not executed under Intenet Explorer. The best way to do this is object detection, as described in Column 6. The following statements define a cross-browser event capturing routine:

if (window.Event) // Navigator 4.0x
  document.captureEvents(Event.MOUSEUP);
document.onmouseup = functionName;

On Internet Explorer 4.0x and older browsers (Navigator and Internet Explorer), only the second statement is executed. Therefore this script is also backward compatible. In other words, it does not generate an error on older browsers. It obviously doesn't work with such browsers, because they do not support the onmouseup event handler with the document object. Note that under some circumstances, the onclick event handler doesn't work properly with the document object on Navigator 4.0x, so we'll use the onmouseup event handler instead. The following script is a complete example that demonstrates the object detection routine:

<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScript">
<!--
function processClicks() {
  alert("You released the mouse button.");
}
if (window.Event) // Navigator 4.0x
  document.captureEvents(Event.MOUSEUP);
document.onmouseup = processClicks;
// -->
</SCRIPT>

When the user clicks the mouse button anywhere in the page's background, the script generates an alert dialog box provided that the user is running a fourth-generation browser.

http://www.internet.com


Created: January 13, 1998
Revised: January 18, 1998

URL: http://www.webreference.com/js/column11/capture.html