Netscape 6, Part I: Detection and Scripting: Browser Detection - Doc JavaScript | WebReference

Netscape 6, Part I: Detection and Scripting: Browser Detection - Doc JavaScript


Netscape 6, Part I: Detection and Scripting

Browser Detection

The most common pattern in your JavaScript scripts is probably the section that determines the browser type. And its structure is probably something like:

<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScript">
<!--
if (document.all) {
  alert("Internet Explorer Detected");
}
else if (document.layers) {
  alert("Netscape Navigator Detected");
}
else {
  alert("Unrecognized Browser Detected");
}
// -->
</SCRIPT>

Try this script. Convince yourself it's working as expected in Internet Explorer and in Netscape Navigator. Try now in Netscape 6. You should get the "Unrecognized Browser Detection" message. Netscape 6 does not support document.all, nor does it support document.layers. Netscape 6 supports document.getElementById. But Internet Explorer supports this method as well, so you need to be careful how to write your new browser sniffer. See Webreference's updated sniffer for example. The script above should look like this now:

<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScript">
<!--
if (document.all) {
  alert("Internet Explorer Detected");
}
else if (document.layers) {
  alert("Netscape Navigator Detected");
}
else if (document.getElementById) {
  alert("Netscape 6 Detected");
}
else {
  alert("Unrecognized Browser Detected");
}
// -->
</SCRIPT>

Try this script. Notice the positive identification of Netscape 6.

Next: How to write three-way browser-independent code

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Produced by Yehuda Shiran and Tomer Shiran
All Rights Reserved. Legal Notices.
Created: December 4, 2000
Revised: December 4, 2000

URL: http://www.webreference.com/js/column72/3.html