January 30, 2000 - Rotating Text Banners | WebReference

January 30, 2000 - Rotating Text Banners

Yehuda Shiran January 30, 2000
Rotating Text Banners
Tips: January 2000

Yehuda Shiran, Ph.D.
Doc JavaScript

The following SPAN tag creates a simple container for a rotating text banner:

<SPAN ID="banner" STYLE="position: absolute;"></SPAN>

The ID attribute is similar to the NAME attribute in that it defines the HTML element's individual name. The ID attribute is used to reference the element in JavaScript. In Navigator, document.banner reflects the element, while document.all.banner, or simply banner, represents it in Internet Explorer.

Microsoft and Netscape agree on CSS, but disagree on the object model. Navigator treats a positioned element as a new browser window, so you can write to its document object, whereas Internet Explorer features a property that reflects the element's inner content (innerHTML). The following function sets the content of a specific element:

function display(id, str) {
  if (NS4) {
    with (document[id].document) {
  } else {
    document.all[id].innerHTML = str;

In order to rotate our banner, we'll invoke this function in the following way:

display("banner", "new code here");

Learn about the other parts of the rotating banner in column 3, Rotating Text Banners.