Creating an Autocomplete Text Field Using the Eclipse Web Tools Platform
Capturing Control Key Events
TAB keystrokes, as well as keeping the list open when returning from another page.
As alluded to last time, the
TAB keys must be handled differently than the other ones. We can't use the
keyup event to capture the
TAB key because it doesn't fire it. Instead, we'll use the
keypress event. Replace any existing code for the
keyup event and add the handler for the
keypress event in the
The old way to add an event handler to an element was to assign it directly to its event property, using the following syntax:
attachEvent() function, passing in the event name, preceded by the "on" prefix (i.e.:
onkeyup). DOM compliant browsers use
addEventListener() function accepts a third parameter to set the bubbling phase at which to execute your handler. Here's an explanation of the DOM bubbling model, taken from my URPMs - Ajax Edition article:
"The World Wide Web Consortium had their hands full when deciding on an event model because the two main standards were diametrically opposed, with Netscape using something called the capturing model, and Internet Explorer endorsing bubbling. Basically, the two camps emerged as a result of answering the questing of what should happen if an element within another element both have handlers for the same event: Should the parent (outer) element fire first, or should the child (inner element)? Netscape concluded that the parent should fire first. That's Event Capturing. Internet Explorer took the opposite stance and decided that the child should be the one to fire first! That's event bubbling. The W3C took the middle road in creating their own W3C Event Model whereby the event is first captured until it reaches the innermost element and then bubbles up again. This allows the developer to select either style of event firing by supplying the
addEventListener()function with a
Booleanargument. I used "constants" to show that
truemeans capture and
falsemeans bubble. In practice, unless you have a specific reason to use capturing, stick with bubbling, as I did here."
In addition to letting you register multiple listeners on the same event, the new DOM Event Model expands its applicability to any DOM Node which supports the listener interface.
addEventHandler( Node node, String eventName, Function eventHandler) delegate function calls the appropriate method. Rather than use antiquated browser sniffing techniques, it tests for the method on the DOM node:
The code for the
ENTER keys will reside in a function called
handleEnterAndTabKeys(Event e). Here's the basic code for that function with the
TAB key handler included:
This handler is similar to the one for the
ESCAPE key, which we coded last time. The only difference is we don't suppress the
TAB key's default behavior; the result being that it will still move the focus to either the next or previous element on the page, depending on whether or not the
SHIFT key was also pressed at the time.