XMLMap on Computing (4/4) - exploring XML | WebReference

XMLMap on Computing (4/4) - exploring XML

XMLMap on Computing

Instant Messaging and Peer-to-Peer Services

The second killer application of the Internet, after email, is instant messaging. XML shines here, too, with open protocols thta can be used for many purposes beyond text chat.

Instant Messaging and Presence Protocol

An IETF working group is chartered with defining protocols and data formats necessary to build an internet-scale end-user presence awareness, notification and instant messaging system.

Instant messaging differs from email primarily in that its primary focus is immediate end-user delivery. Presence information was readily accessible on internet-connected systems years ago; when a user had an open session to a well-known multi-user system, his friends and colleagues could easily tell where he was connected from and whether he was using his computer. Since that time, computing infrastructure has become increasingly distributed and a given user may be consistently available," but has no standard way to make this information known to her peers. This IETF working group will design a system to address this need.

The working group will develop an architecture for simple instant messaging and presence awareness/notification. It will specify how authentication, message integrity, encryption and access controls are integrated. It is desirable, but not required, for the working group to develop a solution that works well for awareness of and communication with entities other than human users.

IMPP will be split into Common Presence and Instant Messaging (CPIM) and Common Profile for Presence (CPP).


Jabber is an open XML protocol for the real-time exchange of messages and presence between any two points on the Internet. The first application of Jabber technology is an asynchronous, extensible instant messaging platform, and an IM network that offers functionality similar to legacy IM systems such as AIM, ICQ, MSN, and Yahoo. However, Jabber offers several advantages over legacy IM systems:

Jabber answers many needs for individuals and organizations alike. However, it is important to understand that Jabber doesn't solve all the world's problems. Specifically, Jabber is not:


XML is not only useful for man-to-machine communication, but also for messaging between devices. Its platform-independence and low computing requirements make it a good fit for directories, internationalization information, devices, databases, and instant messaging.

Produced by Michael Claßen

URL: http://www.webreference.com/xml/column80/4.html
Created: Apr 28, 2003
Revised: Apr 28, 2003